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Frank Cranmer

Research Fellow

Email Address:

Qualifications: BA, MA (Dunelm) LLM (Wales) STh (Lambeth)

Occupation: Public Affairs Consultant, Secretary of the Churches' Legislation Advisory Service


(1) church governance, church-state relations, Presbyterian church law.
(2) parliamentary law, human rights law, charity law as it affects religion and belief.


‘‘Judicial Review and Church Courts in the Law of Scotland’ [1998] Denning Law Journal 49–66.
‘The Church of Sweden and the Unravelling of Establishment’ (2000) 5 Ecc LJ. 417–430.
‘Church-State Relations in the United Kingdom: A Westminster View’ (2001) 6 Ecc LJ.
‘Christian Doctrine and Judicial Review: the Free Church Case Revisited’ (2002) 6 Ecc LJ.
‘Church and Nation: Evidence submitted to the Commission of the Evangelical Alliance on Church and Nation’: February 2003.
‘“National” Churches, Territoriality and Mission’: (2003) 149 Law and Justice.
‘Regulation in the Religious Society of Friends’ (2003) 7 Ecc LJ.
Norman Doe, Mark Hill, Frank Cranmer, Javier Oliva and Cristiana Cianitto: Memorandum to the Joint Committee on Human Rights on ‘Churches as public authorities’, in The Meaning of Public Authority under the Human Rights Act (HL39, HC382 of Session 2003–04, The Stationery Office) pp Ev57–Ev70).
‘Church Governance and Separation of Powers’ (2005) 153 Law and Justice.
‘Life and Death, War and Peace – A Liberal Quaker Perspective’ (2006) Illness, Crisis and Loss [published anonymously].
Frank Cranmer and Tom Heffer: ‘Il diritto canonico della Chiesa d'Inghilterra: l'interpretazione delle Scritture è veramente necessaria per la salvezza?’ (2006) Daimon 6: 69–96.
(with Bob Morris and John Lucas) Church and State – A mapping exercise (London: The Constitution Unit, UCL 2006).
(with Scot Peterson) 'Employment, Sex Discrimination and the Churches: The Percy Case', (2006) 8 Ecc LJ 392–405.
‘‘Establishment of Religion in the United Kingdom’: evidence to the Council of Europe Committee on Culture, Science and Education Colloquy on Questions related to State and Religion, available here.
‘Eternal vigilance?: the Serious Crime Bill’ The Friend 22 June 2007.
‘Free Church of Scotland (Continuing) v General Assembly of The Free Church of Scotland: A Note’ (2007) 9 Ecc LJ 94–100.
‘Quaker Governance and Charities Legislation’ (2007) 9 Ecc LJ 202–205.
Frank Cranmer and Tom Heffer: ‘Necessary to Salvation? – The Canon Law of the Church of England and the Interpretation of Scripture’ (2008) 10 Ecc LJ 137-160.
Anna Harlow, Frank Cranmer and Norman Doe: 'Bishops in the House of Lords: a Critical Analysis' (2008) Public Law Autumn 490-509.
‘A Court of Law, Not of Morals?’ (2008) 160 Law and Justice 13-24
‘Religion and Public Benefit’ (2009) 11 Ecc LJ 203-205
‘Church/State Relations in Scandinavia’, in RM Morris: Church and State in 21st Century Britain: The Future of Church Establishment (London, Palgrave-Macmillan 2009).
Marjory MacLean, Frank Cranmer and Scot Peterson: ‘Recent Developments in Church/State Relations in Scotland’, in RM Morris: Church and State in 21st Century Britain: The Future of Church Establishment (London, Palgrave-Macmillan 2009).
‘La Présence Religieuse dans l'Enseignement Supérieur au Royaume-Uni’, in Actes de manifestations scientifiques du Centre Société, Droit et Religion en Europe, Strasbourg (Strasbourg UP 2009 – forthcoming)
‘Human Rights and the Christian Tradition’: A Quaker Perspective, in N Doe and R Sandberg (ed) in Law and Religion: New Horizons (Leuven, Peeters 2009)
‘Human Sexuality and the Church of Scotland: Aitken et al v Presbytery of Aberdeen’ (2009) 11 Ecc LJ 334–339
Parliamentary Report (2009) 11 Ecc LJ 340–349.
Frank Cranmer and Javier García Oliva: ‘Church-State Relationships: an Overview’ (2009) 162 Law & Justice (forthcoming)
‘Religion, Human Rights and the Council of Europe: A Note’ 162 Law & Justice (forthcoming) ‘Anglicanisme et Identités Nationales’ (2010) Istina (forthcoming)

Sir William McKay (ed): Erskine May’s Parliamentary Practice (23rd edition, Lexis-Butterworths 2004): Assistant Editor for Chapters 13 to 19 and Part III.


July 2006: UCL Constitution Unit Conference on church-state relations at St Katherine’s Foundation (by invitation: paper on recent developments in the constitutional position of the Church of Scotland).
3 – 5 April 2007: Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference: University of Kent at Canterbury (paper in the law and religion stream: ‘One Quaker’s view of human rights from a socio-juridical perspective’).
16 June 2007: Religion and Politics in the Construction of the European Union: LSE.
29 June – 1 July 2007: The Atlantic Conversation on Religion in Public Life, St George’s House, Windsor Castle (by invitation: closing remarks at the session on Theological Perspectives).
13 November 2007: – Ordning och rätt i kyrkan / order and propriety in the Church – Berlingseminariet 2007: Stockholm (by invitation: paper on ‘The Europeanisation of Church Law and the Common Law on Religion in the EU’).
15–17 November 2007: European Consortium for Church and State Research, Nicosia (by invitation).
7 December: Interfaith Legal Advisers’ Network, Cardiff (by invitation: paper on ‘Law and Religion in the United Kingdom: Recent Developments’).
3-4 March 2008: Colloquy on Religion, Law and Human Rights, St George's House, Windsor Castle (by invitation: paper on 'A court of law, not of morals?').
16 June 2008: Interfaith Legal Advisers' Network, Cardiff (by invitation: paper entitled 'Advancement of Religion and Public Benefit: A Critique').
26 June 2008: INGO study-day on The Rule of Law, Religion and Inter-cultural Dialogue, Council of Europe, Strasbourg (by invitation: paper entitled 'The Rule of Law and Intercultural Dialogue: A Common Law Perspective').
30 January 2009: PRISME (Politique, Religion, Institutions et Sociétés: Mutations Européennes) Université Robert Schumann, Strasbourg, colloquium on religion and higher education (by invitation: paper entitled ‘The Religious Presence in Higher Education in the United Kingdom’).
28 April 2009: EHRC, Lancaster University, seminar on ‘The Role of Religion and Belief in a ‘Secular’ Society.
5 May 2009: Law and Religion Scholars Network, Cardiff (by invitation: paper entitled ‘The Schools Adjudicator and Religion).
30 May 2009: Preliminary sessions for the 8th systematic theology colloquium of the Centre ‘Droit et Sociétés Religieuses’, on the issue of “The National Church” (by invitation: paper entitled ‘Anglicanisme et Identités Nationales’).

Reports and case notes:

‘Government and Parliament 2006–2007’: (2007) Law & Justice 136–141.
‘Government and Parliament 2007–2008’ (2008) Law & Justice 111-120.
Parliamentary Reports (2006) 8 Ecc LJ 346-350; 479-481; (2007) 9 Ecc LJ101-104; 208-215; 339-347; (2008) 10 Ecc LJ 97-102; 210-216; 348-354; (2009) 11 Ecc LJ 81-87; 206-209

Free Church of Scotland (Continuing) v General Assembly of The Free Church of Scotland (2006) 8 Ecc LJ 375–376.
Church of Scientology Moscow v Russia [2007] ECtHR (no. 18147/02): (2007) Law & Justice 77–78
Gallagher v Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [2006] CA: (2007) 9 Ecc LJ 241–242.
Ivanova v Bulgaria [2007] ECHtR (no. 52435/99): (2007) Law & Justice 78–80
New Testament Church of God v Stewart [2006] EAT (2007) 9 Ecc LJ 239–241.
True Orthodox Church in Moldova and Others v Moldova [2007] ECtHR (no. 952/03): (2007) Law & Justice 80–81
Tysiac v Poland [2007] ECtHR (no. 5410/03): (2007) Law & Justice 81–83
Reaney v Hereford Diocesan Board of Finance [2007] Employment Tribunal No 1602844/2006: (2007) Law & Justice 153–154
Baczkowski and Others v Poland [2007] ECtHR (no. 1543/06): (2007) Law & Justice 156–158
Barankevich v Russia [2007] ECtHR (no. 10519/03): (2007) Law & Justice 158–159
Folgerø and Others v Norway [2007] ECtHR (no. 15472/02): (2007) Law & Justice 159–160
Members of the Gldani Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses and Others v Georgia [2007] ECtHR (no 71156/01): (2007) Law & Justice 163–164
Svyato-Mykhaylivska Parafiya v Ukraine [2007] ECtHR 14 June 2007 (Application no. 77703/01): (2007) Law & Justice 160–162
E B v France [2008] ECtHR [GC] (no. 43546/02) (2008) Law & Justice 50-51
El Majjaoui & Stichting Touba Moskee v The Netherlands (striking out) [2007] ECtHR [GC] (no. 25525/03] (2008) Law & Justice 51-52
Glas Nadezhda EOOD & Elenkov v Bulgaria [2007] ECtHR (no. 14134/02) (2008) Law & Justice 52-53
Hasan and Eylem Zengin v Turkey [2007] ECtHR (no. 1448/04) (2008) Law & Justice 53-54
Ismailova v Russia [2007] ECtHR (no. 37614/02) (2008) Law & Justice 55-56
Padgett v Serota & Anor [2007] UKEAT (2008) Law & Justice 66-67
Admission Arrangements of JFS, Brent [2007] Schools Adjudicator (Ref.ada/001187) (2008) Law & Justice (2008) Law & Justice 69-70
Admission Arrangements of King David VA Primary School, Liverpool [2007] Schools Adjudicator (Ref. ada/001204) (2008) Law & Justice 70
E v Governing Body of JFS & Anor [2008] EWHC 1535/1536 (Admin) (2008) Law & Justice 129-130
(with Russell Sandberg) Gallagher (Valuation Officer) v Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints [2008] UKHL 56 (2008) Law & Justice 130-132
Hender & Sheridan v Prospects for People with Learning Disabilities [2008] Employment Tribunal (nos. 2902090/2006 & 2901366) (2008) Law & Justice 132-133
KC & Anor v City of Westminster Social & Community Services Dept & Anor [2008] EWCA Civ 198 (2008) Law & Justice 135-137
(with Russell Sandberg) Ladele v London Borough of Islington [2008] Employment Tribunal (no. 2203694/2007) (2008) Law & Justice 137-139
Alexandridis v Greece [2008] ECtHR (no. 19516/06) (2008) Law & Justice 143-144
Blumberg v Germany [2008] ECtHR (no. 14618/03) (2008) Law & Justice 144-145
Borisov & Ors v Bulgaria [2008] ECtHR (no. 62193/00) (2008) Law & Justice 145-146
Burden v United Kingdom [2008] ECtHR [GC] (no. 13378/05) (2008) Law & Justice 147-148
Coleman v Attridge Law & Anor [2008] ECJ (GC) C-303/06 (2008) Law & Justice 148-151
El Morsli v France [2008] ECtHR (no. 15585/06) (2008) Law & Justice 151-153
Kavakçi v Turkey [2007] ECtHR (no. 71907/01) (2008) Law & Justice 153-154
Religionsgemeinschaft Der Zeugen Jehovas & Ors v Austria [2008] ECtHR (no. 40825/98) (2008) Law & Justice 154-156
Admission Arrangements of Al-Hijrah Islamic VA Secondary School, Birmingham [2008] Schools Adjudicator (ref. ada/001211) (2008) Law & Justice 156
Admission Arrangements of Ranelagh Church of England VA Secondary School, Bracknell Forest [2008] Schools Adjudicator (ref. ada//001294) (2008) Law & Justice 157

Advice / Consultancy:

At the request of Committee on Culture, Science and Education of the Council of Europe, I drafted the narrative/descriptive sections (paras 16–70) of its Report on State, religion, secularity and human rights [Doc 11298] (available here)
Secretary, the Churches' Legislation Advisory Service (formerly the Churches' Main Committee) from 1 May 2007.